Essay On Poverty For Students | Causes, Impacts & Solutions

Poverty is a curse, an ailment that is the root cause of all ills in a society. Read here the detailed and descriptive Essay on Poverty with its causes, impacts & measures to curb poverty with outline, introduction, heading, subheading, main points, images and info graphics.


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Essay on Poverty; Causes, Impacts & Solutions

Poverty is defined as the financial condition in which one has insufficient resources to help sustain life. It is the extreme situation when one faces lack of essential items like food, shelter, clothing and medicines.

It is an state of life of despair, grief and pain. The life become hard to live when one lacks money to lead it properly.

Causes of Poverty

Poverty is growing in developing countries like Pakistan, India Bangladesh etc despite of some measures taken by the governments.

The root causes of poverty or poverty hooks are common like illiteracy, uneducated youth, unemployment, corruption, etc.

1. Lack of employment
2. Illiteracy
3. Corruption
4. Natural disasters
5. Low agricultural outputs, poor agriculture and food shortage.
6. Political violence
7. Organized crime
8. Gender inequality
9. Idleness
10. Old social beliefs and trends
11. Spread of epidemic diseases.
12. Huge gap between poor and rich.
13. Lack of basic facilities.

Impacts of Poverty

There are several impacts of poverty. Malnutrition is one of the biggest impact of poverty. People being financially weak are unable to eat properly. They eat improper and unhygienic foods and drink unclean water. Therefore, they  become ill.

Even when they catch illness they are not in position to go to a doctor and get treated. There are many families that can not help afford two times meal. Poor lose their physical and mental health. They live a miserable life.

There are millions around the world who are hungry. They have no home to live, no clothes to wear and are unable to send their children to school.

The children are badly affected due to poverty. They are forced to work on low cost to help their family financially. They are not sent to schools.

Poverty has increased the ratio of Illiteracy.  Child labor has also increased due to poverty. The income disparity between rich and poor create social tension.

Poor migrate from rural areas to cities to find employment opportunities. The poverty has, therefore, increased the levels of urban population.

Solutions; How to Control Poverty?

A joint an thorough effort is needed to eradicate poverty. It is high time to introduce effective strategies aiming to develop and enhance the life standard of poor section of society.

Various efforts to key components like free primary and secondary education to poor students, employment opportunities to poor to work, family welfare programs and controlling increasing population.

These measures can help improve the lives of people. They can help them to lead a good life. Poverty eradication is mandatory for the sustainable economic growth of a country.

Poverty in fact is a call to action to poor people to open their eyes and to earn enough money to eat, wear and drink properly.

If they will shun laziness and start working actively they will be able to break the shackles of poverty by providing education to their kids.

State of poverty is an urgent call to stand and work every waking moment to get rid of life of slavery and bondage.


Poverty is the root cause of many evils in the society. It is rightly stated that poverty is the root from where the crime begins. It can be eliminated by promoting education, justice, equality, rule of law etc.

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